Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of the male and female urinary tract system, as well as the male reproductive system.
If there is any type of complication or problem in the urinary tract, then you will have to visit a urologist. A specialist urologist is a type of doctor who is formally trained to diagnose and treat matters of the urinary tract system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
Urologic diseases are more common than you may think. In fact, both male and females may experience some sort of urologic problems at least once in their life.
Therefore, it is important to understand the most common types of urologic problems, so that you can know when to visit a urology clinic for the best treatment.
Most Common Urologic Conditions – And How to Treat Them
1. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are the most common types of urological problems and tend to occur more frequently in females than in males. The most common reasons for UTIs are bacteria, such as E. coli, which enter the urinary tract. This can lead to discomfort and burning sensations when urinating.
Luckily, most UTIs can be easily treated by antibiotics. However, it is important to visit a consultant urologist in order to get a prescription for the best antibiotic, and in order to address any underlying problems which may lead to complications or recurring UTIs.
2. Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence is a condition which leads to the involuntary leakage of urine. When control over the urinary sphincter is lost or weakened, then an individual is unable to control when they urinate, and this can lead to uncomfortable and even embarrassing situations.
There are a range of treatments available for urinary incontinence, and the urologist will prescribe a course of treatment according to the severity of the condition. Most common treatments include behavioral therapy such as bladder training, pelvic floor muscle exercises, medications, and even surgery.
3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH refers to an enlarged prostrate, which is common in men as they get older. Prostate glands that are enlarged do not necessarily equate to cancer but can cause troublesome symptoms. This includes a more intense need to urinate, and the feeling that the bladder is not being emptied out after urination. In some cases, it can even lead to the development of UTIs.
It is important to visit the consultant urologist for treatment of BPH. Firstly, the urologist will rule out any indications of cancer, and then prescribe the best course of treatment. This can include monitoring, medication, and surgery for more serious cases.
4. Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside the kidneys. When kidney stones become stuck in one or both ureters, it is known as ureteral stones. Kidney and ureteral stones can block the flow of urine from the kidney to the bladder, resulting in severe pain.
Treatment will depend on the size and location of the stones. If kidney stones are of a smaller size, they can often be passed in urination with the help of plenty of water and painkillers. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove large kidney and ureteral stones.
5. Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction (ED) occurs when a man has difficulty getting or maintaining an erection. While this does not necessarily have negative health repercussions, it can negatively affect confidence and put a burden on relationships. It may also indicate an underlying health problem such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
Treatment for ED often consists of medication or testosterone replacement. A consultant urologist may also recommend surgery, psychological counseling, and making healthy lifestyle changes to treat erectile dysfunction. The urologist may even refer you to a cardiologist or other specialist if they believe that the ED is a symptom of a more serious condition.
6. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men. It occurs when prostate cells grow abnormally and in a very rapid manner. If not treated early on, the prostate cancer cells can spread by breaking away from a prostate tumor. It can include symptoms such as dull pain in the lower pelvic area, frequent urinating, trouble urinating, pain, or blood in the urine.
It is always recommended to visit a specialist urologist at least once a year for a prostate exam, to catch early signs of cancer. Treatment can include surveillance, radiation, and surgery.